Police forces across the world have arrested 150 alleged suspects involved in buying or selling illicit goods on the dark web as part of a coordinated international operation involving nine countries.
More than €26.7 million (USD 31 million) in cash and virtual currencies have been seized in this operation, as well as 234 kg of drugs and 45 firearms. The seized drugs include 152 kg of amphetamine, 27 kg of opioids and over 25 000 ecstasy pills.
This operation, known as Dark HunTOR, was composed of a series of separate but complementary actions in Australia, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States, with coordination efforts led by Europol and Eurojust.
Operation Dark HunTOR stems from the takedown earlier this year of DarkMarket, the world’s then-largest illegal marketplace on the dark web. At the time, German authorities arrested the marketplace’s alleged operator and seized the criminal infrastructure, providing investigators across the world with a trove of evidence. Europol’s European Cybercrime Centre (EC3) has since been compiling intelligence packages to identify the key targets.
As a result, 150 vendors and buyers who engaged in tens of thousands of sales of illicit goods were arrested across Europe and the United States. A number of these suspects were considered as High-Value Targets by Europol.
These arrests took place in the United States (65), Germany (47), the United Kingdom (24), Italy (4), the Netherlands (4), France (3), Switzerland (2) and Bulgaria (1). A number of investigations are still ongoing to identify additional individuals behind dark web accounts.
In the framework of this operation the Italian authorities also shut down the DeepSea and Berlusconi dark web marketplaces, which together boasted over 100 000 announcements of illegal products. Four administrators were arrested, and €3.6 million in cryptocurrencies seized.
Commenting on Operation Dark HunTOR, Europol’s Deputy Executive Director of Operations, Jean-Philippe Lecouffe, said: “The point of operations such as the one today is to put criminals operating on the dark web on notice: the law enforcement community has the means and global partnerships to unmask them and hold them accountable for their illegal activities, even in areas of the dark web.”
Thinking of buying illegal goods anonymously on the dark web?
Think again, as the dark web is no longer as dark as some criminals would like. Law enforcement have become accustomed to working in this space and can deploy a wide array of different techniques to identify buyers and sellers of illegal goods.
Buying on the dark web comes with risks:
- Buyers might get more than what they bargained for. Opioids laced with fentanyl, for example, have resulted in a number of deadly overdoses. There is also no guarantee that one will get the products or services he or she has bought – scammers are lurking around every digital corner, even on the dark web.
- Devices can be exposed to an array of malware ready to wreak havoc on the buyers’ data.
- The risk of prosecution is real: using the dark web for criminal activity is a punishable offence and can lead to imprisonment in a number of countries.
The following authorities took part in this operation:
- Australia: Australian Federal Police (AFP)
- Bulgaria: General Directorate Combating Organized Crime (Главна дирекция Борба с организираната престъпност)
- France: National Police (Police National - OCLCTIC), National Gendarmerie (Gendarmerie Nationale – C3N), Customs (Douane)
- Germany: Central Criminal Investigation Department in the German city of Oldenburg (Zentrale Kriminalinspektion Oldenburg), State Criminal Police Office of Lower Saxony (LKA Niedersachsen), Federal Criminal Police Office (Bundeskriminalamt), various police departments (Dienststellen der Länderpolizeien), German Investigation Customs ( Zollfahndungsämter)
- Italy: Public Prosecutor’s Office Brescia, Finance Corps (Guardia di Finanza)
- Netherlands: National Police (Politie)
- Switzerland: Zurich Cantonal Police (Kantonspolizei Zürich) and Public Prosecutor's Office II of the Canton of Zurich (Staatsanwaltschaft II)
- United Kingdom: UK DICE (NCA & NPCC)
- United States: U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) , Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), U.S. Postal Inspection Service (USPIS) and Internal Revenue Service - Criminal Investigation (IRS-CI)
Operation Dark HunTOR was carried out in the framework of the European Multidisciplinary Platform Against Criminal Threats (EMPACT).